During the so-called “Kristallnacht” in November 1938 and in the days preceding and following it over 1000 synagogues were badly damaged or completely destroyed. This was yet another step in the attempt to annihilate the Jews of Europe and thus eradicate the Jewish contribution to the culture of
Synagogue Memorial Institute
The volumes for the following federal states in
The Night of Broken Glass, as it is also called, affected not only
The name of the project
The name of the project is inspired by a Greek word meaning “memory”. At the same the orthography alludes to the main topic of the project, i.e. the commemoration of synagogues.
The aim of the project “mnemo-syne”
The aim of the project “mnemo-syne” is to document synagogues in the areas that once belonged to Germany and today constitute a part of Poland or Russia (i.e. Pomerania, Poznań-West Prussia, Lower und Upper Silesia and East Prussia), furthermore those in the areas annexed by Germany (i.e. Sudetenland). According to our preliminary findings about 220 synagogues and prayer-rooms in today’s Poland, 25 synagogues in Russia and 140 synagogues in the Czech Republic existed in this area at the time of The Night of Broken Glass and will thus be documented.
The documentation shall not only commemorate the synagogues and their communities, but also the Jewish contribution to Central European culture.
The participating institutions
Germans were responsible for the “Kristallnacht” pogrom. Therefore German institutions have a moral obligation to contribute to the elucidation and documentation of the historical events in cooperation with partner institutions (primarily from the respective areas).
Scholars from the
A project like “mnemo-syne” contributes to the awareness of the historical and cultural roots of
Contacts already exist with several institutions in the countries mentioned above (e.g. Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, Department of Jewish Studies at the University of Wrocław, Department of Ethnology and Education Science in Cieszyn at the Silesian University at Katowice, Community for Jewish History in the Czech Republic: the project Bohemia, Moravia et Silesia Judaica in Brno, Jewish Community in Kaliningrad), others will be established.
The required sources: documents and witnesses of the time
We will be happy to receive information regarding archival material, documents or their copies as well as photographs regarding the history of the Jewish communities in the areas mentioned above from witnesses of the time and their relatives, institutions and others who may possess such information. Originals will be returned.
Please give your information to:
Universität des Saarlandes, FR 4.4 Slavistik
Postfach 15 11 50
Tel.: + 49/(0)681/ 302 3771; Fax: + 49/(0)681/302 3386
In Israel you may also contact:
For further information contact: